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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Amphibious Operations

 

The Word From the Shore
James Turnbull #15
Watercolor, 1945
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-KP

A signalman semaphores a message from an operations center on the shores of Lingayen Gulf during the battle of Luzon. In the background a landing ship unloads.

 

Assault Landing
James Turnbull #1
Oil on canvas, 1945
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-KB

Navy landing craft "hit the beach" in a drill for future amphibious landings in the Pacific at a training area in the Hawaiian Islands.

 

Shore Casualty
James Turnbull #6
Oil on canvas, 1945
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-KG



This incident took place on White Beach, Lingayen, amongst the shore party personnel. They were soon attacked by Japanese dual purpose guns from the nearby mountain. The man was wounded in the leg and was brought to a shell hole and quickly given the necessary treatment by Medical Corps men and a shore party doctor.

 

Monkey Cage (Trainasium)
Reginald Marsh #1
Watercolor, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HM

The regimen at amphibious training bases leaves little time for getting stale or out of condition. These men climb ladders or swing on crossbars activities that come in handy aboard a ship.

 

"Capital Ships" of the Amphibious Fleet
Reginald Marsh #9
Watercolor, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HU

LST's (Landing Ships, Tank) and their smaller sisters, LSM's (Landing Ships, Medium) maneuver off Amphibious Training Base, Little Creek, Virginia, as their officers and crews learn the ropes of landing operations.

 

The Navy's Happy Medium
Reginald Marsh #2
Watercolor, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HN

Needing a landing ship somewhere between the size and displacement of an LCI (Landing Craft, Infantry) and an LST (Landing Ship, Tank), the Navy turned the problem over to its architects and designers who came up with the compact and maneuverable LSM (Landing Ship, Medium), shown here in South Pacific jungle camouflage.

 

"Dry Run" Target Drill
Reginald Marsh #4
Watercolor, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HP

Members of a 40-mm anti-aircraft gun crew aboard an LST hold a "dry run" drill. No actual firing is done, but the necessary routine is mastered by frequent practice.

 

Colors Aloft
Reginald Marsh #7
Watercolor, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HS

 

Each flag has a meaning men in training hoist signal flags to an improvised yardarm at Little Creek, Virginia, while sailors at a nearby signal station watch to read the message.

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1 April 2001