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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Amphibious Operations

 

Transportation, Latest Mode
Joseph Hirsch #32
Watercolor & tempera, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-EZ

These ambulatory wounded, all Marine raiders, wait on the lowered platform of an LST as it approaches Lunga Beach Guadalcanal. The green tags indicate the specific injuries and the front line treatment administered. This particular group is returning from Rendova.

 

Navy Doctor
Joseph Hirsch #20
Charcoal, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-FT

 

In the combat zones his work is without end. This one serves with the Marines, since all of the medical personnel of the Marine Corps is supplied by the Navy.

 

Cut the Line
Thomas Hart Benton #23
Oil on board, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-BO

Last episode in the birth of an LST--the launching. While the audience leans forward with
the breathless expectation of racetrack fans lining the rail to shout "They're Off!" the foreman of the crew holds his hat high. Seconds later the hat came down, the crowd roared, the lines were cut and a new ship had joined Uncle Sam's landing craft armada.

 

She's Off
Thomas Hart Benton #1
Watercolor on paper, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-AS

The lines cut, the LST (Loading Ship, Tank) slides into the water--a new member of the vast landing craft program. These ships, built in Pittsburgh on the banks of the Ohio River, are launched sideways instead of in the conventional method, stern first.

 

Loading the LST
Thomas Hart Benton #9 
Pen and ink wash on paper, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-BA


Crewmen of the landing ship load stores aboard their vessel for the next leg of their long trip to the fighting front.

 

Look Out Below
Thomas Hart Benton #16
Pen and ink wash on paper, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-BH

 


Cargo of all sizes and shapes is lowered through a hatch to be stored below on the LST, preparatory to sailing.

 

This Way In
Thomas Hart Benton #5
Pen and ink wash on paper, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-AW


Taking part in maneuvers for the grim tasks ahead on some enemy-held shore, the newly built LST heads for the local beach. With her bow doors yawning and the ramp lowering, the tanks inside are snorting and smoking. They await the signal to roll out.

 

Salt and Steel
Thomas Hart Benton #13
Pen and ink on paper, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-BE

 
While their ship pitches and rolls in its first taste of salt water, the gunners aboard an LST sharpen up their eyes with target practice.

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1 April 2001