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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY -- NAVAL HISTORICAL CENTER
805 KIDDER BREESE SE -- WASHINGTON NAVY YARD
WASHINGTON DC 20374-5060

Amphibious Operations

 

Three Pals
Carlos Lopez #5
Pen and ink drawing, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HA

 

 
This is not the Army, but Navy Amphibs, members of a Beach Battalion.

 

Smoke Screen
Carlos Lopez #10
Oil on canvas, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HF

In the early morning at an invasion rehearsal H-Hour, smoke screens are laid as landing craft wait their turn to hit the beach from the line of departure. In battle, the Navy finishes the taxi service for the Army or Marine assault troops, and boats are loaded with men, trucks, tanks, and guns.

 

Overhauling
Carlos Lopez #14
Gouache drawing, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HJ

This tank lighter (LCM) is pulled up on a marine railway for an overhaul and paint job after being banged up in landing operations. Here the LCM's are repaired between operations.

 

Invasion Tapestry
Carlos Lopez #3
Gouache drawing, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-GY

Soldiers, Sailors, Marines, and Coast Guardsmen who have received amphibious training at Fort Pierce learn to go over a transport side into invasion craft by climbing down landing nets at a mock-up or simulated ship's side.

 

Concrete Ship Side
Carlos Lopez #9
Oil on canvas, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HE

This welin davit simulates a ship, with davits. The LCVP in foreground is coming alongside, and will be hoisted "aboard" with the other landing craft, in center, stirring high waves to add realism to the operation.

 

Bayonet Practice
Carlos Lopez #16
Pen and ink drawing, 1944
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HL

An Army officer teaches the amphibious sailors the fine art of bayonet use.

 

Scouts and Raiders
Carlos Lopez #8
Oil on canvas, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HD

Commandos of the Navy, they leave a transport, submarine, or invasion craft in their black rubber boats at night on reconnaissance, scout, or demolition missions against enemy held shores. Their faces and hands painted black for night operations, and now called officially Amphibious Scouts by the Navy, they specialize in rugged finesse. Here they go up and over some rock jetties.

 

Morning Exercise
Carlos Lopez #12
Pen & ink, circa 1943
Gift of Abbott Laboratories
88-159-HH

Recruits are lined up for their early morning physical training exercise with Chief Specialists on platforms giving instructions. The exercises are climaxed with a long tossing routine, with 12- foot, water soaked logs tossed by teams of eight.

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