Related Reading Material on African Americans in the U.S. Navy



In addition to the material available on this site, you may also find the list of related reading material below to be of interest.



  • Akers, Regina T., "The Port Chicago Mutiny, 1944," in Christopher M. Bell and Bruce A. Elleman, Eds., Naval Mutinies of the Twentieth Century, An International Perspective (London: Frank Cass Publishers, 2003)


  • Harris, Gail (with Pam McLaughlin), A Woman’s War: the professional and personal journey of the Navy’s first African American female intelligence officer (Lanham: Scarecrow Press, 2010)


  • Holmstedt, Kirsten, Band of Sisters American Woman at War in Iraq (Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stockdale Books, 2007) profiles Marcia Lillie, Naval Aviation Boatswain’s Mate Handler, “The Little Bird that Could” and Vernice “Junk” Armour, Captain, United States Marine Corps, a Cobra Pilot, “Who Wants to Be Average?”


  • Johnson, Charles, Jr. African Americans and ROTC, Military, Naval and Aeroscience Programs at Historically Black Colleges, 1916-1973 (Jefferson City, North Carolina: Mac Farland, 2002)


  • Knoblock, Glenn A., Black Submariners in the United States Navy 1940-1975 (Jefferson, North Carolina: MacFarland& Co., Inc. Publishing, 2005)


  • Miller, Richard, The Messman Chronicles, African Americans in the U.S. Navy, 1932-1943 (Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 2004)

  • Black Sailor, White Navy: Racial Unrest in the Fleet during the Vietnam War Era
  • Sherwood, John D., Black Sailor, White Navy, Racial Unrest in the Fleet During the Vietnam War Era (New York University Press, 2007)


  • Schneller, Robert J., Jr., Breaking the Color Barrier, The U.S. Naval Academy’s First Black Midshipmen and the Struggle for Racial Equality (New York University Press, 2005)


  • Blue & Gold and Black: Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy
  • Schneller, Robert J., Jr., Blue & Gold and Black, Racial Integration of the U.S. Naval Academy (College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 2008)













  • Stillwell, Paul, Biography of Samuel L. Gravely, Jr., (Naval Institute, 2010) [forthcoming]


  • Thorpe, Frances Wills, Navy Blue and other Colors (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Xlibris, 2007) [Frances Wills Thorpe was one of the first two black female officers in the USN; her husband Charles Thorpe published her book posthumously]








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