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Morris

 

Robert Morris, born in Liverpool, England, 20 January 1734, emigrated to Maryland in 1747. The next year he moved to Philadelphia where, after brief schooling, he entered the service of the Willings, shipping merchants. Rising to partnership in 1754, Morris rapidly attained great power and influence in the commercial and political life of America. Appointed to the Pennsylvania Committee of Safety in June 1775, he was extremely active, arming both Pennsylvanian and Continental forces. Joining the Continental Congress in November 1776, he was a signer of the Declaration of Independence.

 

Morrisí key role in the financial affairs of the new nation led to his appointment as Superintendent of Finance in May 1781 and Agent of Marine that September. His extraordinary skill in both offices greatly contributed to American success in the Revolution. A delegate to the Constitutional Convention, Morris served in the U.S. Senate 1789‑1795, but declined to stand for reelection. He continued his leadership in business and banking until impoverished when values of his extensive land holdings collapsed. Morris died in Philadelphia 8 May 1806.

 

I

 

(Ship: cpl. 150; a. 24 guns)

 

The first Morris wasthe prize Rebecca captured on the Mississippi by a party of Americans led by James Willing who had come downriver from Ohio. She was purchased for the Continental Congress by Oliver Pollock, the American commercial agent at New Orleans who had charge of naval affairs on the Mississippi during the American Revolution. The ship was renamed Morris, manned, and fitted out for action under the command of Capt. William Pickles. However, a severe hurricane destroyed the ship 18 August 1779, causing the loss of 11 of her crew.